When you try to install Windows Operating System, you would come across an error code 0x0000005D. This is purely an issue related to the virtual machine profile. Please validate if you have selected a correct profile. if not please choose the correct profile and restart the installation process.
In my case, was trying to deploy Windows 2003 std edition for a legacy application using SCCM 2012. Had no clue with the error code 0x0000005D, though I have set Windows 2003 Std 32 Bit in profile. Later realized that the SCCM is using the latest version and then selected the corresponding 64bit profle like Windows Server 2003 Enterprise x64 Edition – from the drop-down list. Voila it fixed my issue.
VM profile is available at below path.
VM->Edit Settings->Options->General Options->Version